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[zhongguokexuebao]nongyegeng“lv” huanjinggengmei

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  shiyongzhaofeidepingguoyansexian、weidaotian。youfaguojishoujibandenglugongtu

优发国际登录  “zainongyexiandaihuatuijinguochengzhong,gaozhilianglvsefazhanshijishangshigongjicejiegouxinggaigedehexinwenti,yeshinongyexiandaihuadehexinwenti。”zaijinrijuxingdedishisijienongyehuanjingkexuefenghuishang,youfaguojidenglunongyehuanjingyukechixufazhanyanjiusuo(yixiajianchenghuanfasuo)yanjiuyuanmeixurongshuo,shengtaihuanjingsuomianlindetiaozhanheyaliqiansuoweiyou,nongyehuanjingkejichuangxindezhanlvediweiriyituxian。

  meixurongqiangdiao,lvsefazhanchengweipojiedangjinquanqiuziyuan、nengyuanhehuanjingtiaozhan,yinlingnongyehuanjingxuekefazhandebiranqushi。shixianliangshianquanyuziyuan、huanjinghekechixunongyejiandepingheng,shilvsekechixunongyefazhanmianlindeyanjunzhanlveyiti。

  离开财富生产谈“美丽”是空中楼阁

  woguoshishengzhuyangzhihezhurouxiaofeidaguo,shengzhuyangzhiyechanzhizhanchumuyezongchanzhide3/4,zhannongyezongchanzhi18%,yuqichegongyexiangdang,yue1.7 wanyiyuan。shengzhuyangzhiyichengweiwoguonongyezhongdezhizhuchanye,shiguanguojiminsheng。

优发国际登录  raner,woguochuqinmeinianchanshengyue38yidunfenbian,zhehechunyangfen3200wandun,xiangdangyuwoguohuafeizongyangfentouruliang50%,danmuqianziyuanhualiyonglvbudao40%。

  “yangzhiyezainongyeshengtaixitongzhongjuyouziyuanzhuanhuanheweichishengtaipinghengdezhongyaogongneng。”zhongguogongchengyuanyuanshiyinyulongzaihuishangzhichu,yangzhiyezaimeilizhongguohexiangcunzhenxingzhanlvezhongshiburonghushidebufen。

  taqiangdiao,meilizhongguobushipinqiongzhongguo,likaiwuzhicaifuheyouzhishengtaichanpintan“meili”shikongzhonglouge,huaerbushi。“meilizhongguoshichanyejiegouheshengchanfangshihexie,bikaiyangzhiyedewentiyanjiu‘meili’shibishijiuqing、tulaowugong。”

  guolianghuafeiyoufaturangbanjie,yingxiangmeilixiangcun;daliangchuqinfenwubunengyouxiaoliyong,gengyingxiangmeilixiangcun。“zhongyangtuojieshizhengjie。”yinyulongshuo。

优发国际登录  muqian,woguozhongzhiyecunzaidewentibaokuo,huafeinongyaodaliangshiyong、danweimuchanziyuanxiaohaojiaoda、shuitumianyuanwuranyanzhong、turangbanjiedilixiajiang、nongchanpinpinzhixiajiang;eryangzhiyecunzaidewentiyou,siliaojinkouyilaidujiaoda、yangzhichengbenjiaogao、kangshengsuhetianjiajiguoliangshiyong、shipinanquanfengxianjiaoda、shuituqimianyuanwuranyanzhong。

优发国际登录  zhenduimuqianyouyuzhongzhiheyangzhituojiezaochengdeshipin、huanjinghenongyeshengtaicunzaidexiliewenti,yinyulongjianyi,yingdangjiyunongyeshengchanyuantoujianpai、guochengkongzhiyumoduanzhilidezhengtisilu,kaizhanchuqinsiliaozhongjinshu、kangshengsudengyouhaiwuzhiyuantoujianpai、chuqinfenbian、jiegandengyoujifeiqiwuziyuanhua,goujianzhongyangjiehechengtaojishuzhuangbeitixi、chuangjianzhongyangouhedeshengtaixunhuanmoshi。

  发展生物多样性农业

  woguohuafeishiyongliangzhanquanqiu35%,shiquanqiupingjunyongliangde3.4 、meiguode2.6bei、oumengde2.5bei;nongyaoshiyongliangzhanquanqiu47%,danweibozhongmianjinongyaoshiyongliangshiquanqiupingjunyongliangde2.5~5 bei。

  “weishenmewoguodanweimianjigengdinongyao、huafeishiyongliangshijiediyi?weishenmewoguonongyemianyuanwuran、zhongjinshuwuranwentiyichangtuxian?”nongyenongcunbuhuanjingbaohukeyanjiancesuoyanjiuyuanyangdianlintichulelianggewenti。

优发国际登录  jinnianlai,woguonongyeyijinrucongchuantongnonghufensanjingyingxiangjiyuehua、zhuanyehua、zuzhihua、shehuihuaxiangjiehedexinxingjingyingtixijiakuaizhuanbiandexinjieduan。erjiyuehuanongtianzhangqi、damianji、danyizhongzhi,shengwuduoyangxingzaodaoyanzhongpohuai,zaochengnongtianshengtaixitongzonghezhangai,rushengchanlixiajiang、yangfenxunhuanshiheng、dikangbingchonghainenglijiangdi、chuanfennenglixiajiangdeng,zuizhongdaozhinongyefazhanbukechixu。

优发国际登录  “jiyuehuanongyedekechixuxingfazhanwentichengweiriyituchude、poqiexuyaojiejuedenongyeshengtaixitonganquanwenti。”yangdianlinshuo。nongyeshengtaixitongyuezhandiqiuludimianji40%。jiangnongyeshengtaixitonganquannaruguojiaanquantixi,shituijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,shixianguojiazhangzhijiuandepoqieyaoqiu。

  “zhonggoujiankangdenongtianshengtaixitongshishixiannongyelvsefazhandegenbentujing。”yangdianlinshuo,zheiyibeilianheguoliangnongzuzhi(fao)querenweijiyuehuanongtianshixiankechixufazhanzuiyouqiantudejiejuefangan。

  yangdianlinjianyi,yingjinkuaiqidongjiyuehuashengtainongtianyeshifanqujianshexingdong。zaidongbei、xibei、huanghuaihaihezhangjiangzhongxiayoudengnongyezhuchanqu,kaizhanjiyuehuashengtainongtianxitongshejiyuzhonggou,chuangxinjichengjiyuehuashengtainongtianxitonggoujianjishutixiyujishumoshi。

  向白色污染开战

  nongyenongcunfeiqiwushinongyeshengchannongcunshenghuodangzhongdebiranchanwu。muqianwoguonongmofugaimianjiyidadao3yimu,dimofugaijinongzuowudailaidezhijiexiaoyida1200yi~1400yiyuan,weinongyejieshuizengxiaozuochuletuchugongxian。

  “danshinongmocongbaisegemingbianchenglebaisewuran。quanguonongtiandimocanliuqiangdupingjunwei3.45kg/mu,xibeidiquzuiyanzhong,dadao5.16kg/mu,zuiduodeshixinjiang,da13.64kg/mu,huadongdiquxiangduicanliuliangbijiaodi。”huanfasuoyanjiuyuandonghongminshuo,genju2017niandiaochajieguo,quanguodimopingjunhuishoulvbuzu70%,zhuyaoyuanyinshidimobo、qiangdudi、kehuishouxingcha,xianyoudehuishoujijuwufamanzutianjianzuoyeyaoqiu,jixiehuishouzuoyemianjixiangduibijiaodi。

优发国际登录  ciwai,huishoudimohanzalvgaoda70-90%,keliyongdejiazhidi。“xianyouhanzalvqingkuangxia,zaishengkelideshengchanchengbenyijingchaoguo5500yuan/dun,yuputongpekelixiangbi,xingjiabihendi。”donghongminrenwei,dimocanliuwurandezhuyaowenti,yishidimofugaijishudefanyonghelanyong,zaochengnongtianwuranjiazhong;ershihuishouxiaolvdi、huishoulvdi,huishouhoudimohanzagao、zamofenlikunnan,jiazhidi。

  yaojiejuedimocanliuwuranwentijiubixujinxingkaituohechuangxin。donghongminjieshao,muqian,huanfasuokaizhanxietongchuangxin,kaizhanlejianliangjishu、quanshengwujiangjiemochanpinyanfaheyingyong,yijingzaiquanguoshiyuzhongzuowushangshiyan,tuiguangmianjida1wanduomu。buguo,tatanyan,quanshengwujiangjiemochengbengao、yingyongfanweixiao,zaishijiantuiguangshanghaiyouyidingtiaozhan。

  donghongminjianyi,yingjiaqiangquanshengmingzhouqidimoyuanweisuliaojisuhuajiweihaiguochenghehuanjingyingxiangyanjiu,dimofugaishiyixingpingjiajishudeyanjiu,gaoxiaohuishoujiju、huishoudimodemozafenlijishu、gaoxiaoxunhuanliyongjishuyugongyiyanfa,qianghuashengwujiangjiedimodexincailiao、xingongyihexinchanpinyanjiu。

  农业环境学科必须“转变”

  youfaguojidenglunongyehuanjingyukechixufazhanyanjiusuosuozhang、yanjiuyuanzhaolixinzhichu,woguonongyeyijingdaolezhuanxingqi、tizhizengxiaoqi,ruhejibaozhangliangshianquan,youkechixufazhan,shiyigenongyeruhelvsefazhandewenti。

  “yaocongquanguodeshijiaolaikaoliangmeigequyudekechixufazhanhelvsefazhan。”zhaolixinjulishuo,nanfangshuituziyuanfengfu,danxianzaihenduodoushiliangshidiaorusheng;dongbeishuiziyuanquefa,xianzaishidaliangcang。weilairuheguihuazheixiediqudenongyefazhan,shizhideshenrutaolundewenti。

  meixurongrenwei,nongyeziyuanyuhuanjingxuekeshifuzajudaxitong,yijinghennanzaiyikao“dian”shangdejishutuposhixianzhengtitisheng,kuaxuekeyanjiuhexitongfangfachengweijiejuezhongdaguanjianwentideshouxuanxiang。

  tashuo,suizhewulianwang、dashuju、rengongzhinengdengxinyidaixinxijishushendurongruxiandainongyezhong,nongyeziyuanhuanjingjishudiedaibiangezhengjiasuxiangzidonghua、zhinenghua、ronghehuafangxiangfazhan。nongyehuanjingyanjiusiluyoudanyaosuxiangduoyaosu、kuajiezhi、duomubiaoxietongfangzhizhuanbian,yanjiuchiduxianggengkuanguanggengzongshenyanzhan,yanjiushouduanshangduoxuekejiaocharonghetezhengmingxian。zheijiangyoulituidongwoguonongyehuanjingkejigengjinyibuchuangxinhelvsezhuanxing。

  “nongyehuanjingkejichuangxinzenmeban,lianggezi,jiushi‘zhuanbian’。”meixurongshuo。

优发国际登录  shouxian,nongyehuanjingkexueshiyanjiunongyeshengchanguochengduihuanjingyaosudexianghuzuoyonghediaokongdeyimenkexue,shidianxingdebianyuanjiaochahexinxixueke。yinci,danyidexuekehennanfahuizuoyong,erxinjishuxinfangfaxinlilunhuibuduanronghedaozheigexueketixili。

  qici,yanfafangxiangyaozuochudiaozheng。yaojianchiwentidaoxiang、xuqiudaoxiang。yidingyaojiejueweisheikeyan、weisheiquchuangxindewenti。weiraozhenongyegaozhiliangfazhan、nongyelvsefazhan、nongyeshengtaixitongdejiankang、goujiankechixushengchanlideng,bujuyixienongyehuanjinglidezhongdakexuewenti。zhenggeyanjiuyaojinxingliantiaoshichuangxin,yihuanjieyihuan,congjichudaoyingyong、daozhuanhua,congzhenggechanyelianshangjiejuewenti。

优发国际登录  disan,jianlixietongchuangxinjizhi。chuangxinshiyuanyuwenti、faxianwenti、jiejuewenti。nongyehuanjinglingyudelilunhefangfachuangxinhenshao,jiushiyinweimeiyouqujinxingkexuefaxian。zainongyehuanjinglimianzuiquedeshikexuefaxianhemoshichuangxin,zheifangmianyaojixujiaqiang。

  disi,tansuoxindekeyanfanshi,lirushujumijixingdekexuefaxian。dashujuxinxishidai,jiwomendekexueyanjiutigonglexindelilunhefangfa。

(单位:优发国际登录农业环境与可持续发展研究所 )
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