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【fupinjishi】zhiyaonongminyouxuyao,wojiuchaozhezheigefangxiangnuliyanjiu

——中国水稻研究所陈惠哲研究员扶贫纪实

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优发国际登录  zaiheilongjiangjiansanjiangkuankuodeshuidaotianli,yiweigezibugao、pifuyouheideqingniandunshouzaitiantou,kutui、xiemianzhanzheniba,tamifengzheyanjing,guanchazheqianbujiujixiehuachayangdedaomiaozhangshi,moshengrenbumingjiuli,wangwanghuijiangtadangchengdididaodaodenongmin,tajiushizhongguoshuidaoyanjiusuochenhuizheyanjiuyuan,youfaguojidenglukejichuangxingongcheng“shuidaogaoxiaozaipeijishu”tuanduishouxikexuejia。jinnianlai,tadailingdetuanduizhenduiwoguodaozuojishuzhuanxingxuqiu,yanfaleyipishuidaojixiehuazhongzhijipeitaogaochanzaipeijishu,zaijishuchuangxin、jishuyingyongshangqudeletuchuyeji,weiwoguoshuidaochanyejishuzhuanxingshengji、daozuojishujinbuhedaonongzengshouzuochulezhongyaogongxian。

  

  技术集成示范,助力乡村振兴

  

  zaiqianxinkeyandetongshi,chenhuizhebuwangchuxin,yizhizhiliyuzhulikejifupin,jianxingxiangcunzhenxing。

  jiangsushengdonghaixianshishoupiyoufaguojishoujibandenglu4gexiangcunzhenxingshifanxianzhiyi,dangdishuidaozhongzhifangshiyizhiboweizhu。shuidaozhiboyaoqiushengyuqijiaoduanpinzhong,yiqiandonghaixianyouzhidaopinzhongqianque,zhongzhimoshi、zaipeijishuyuyiyoudeyouzhidaopinzhongbupeitaodengwentiyepubiancunzai。2019nian,chenhuizhedailingtuanduiyuyoufaguojishoujibandengludonghaishiyanzhan、donghaixiannongyenongcunjudenghezuo,xiezhuzhidingledonghaixianxiangcunzhenxingkejizhichengshishifangan-liangshichanyefazhankejizhichengfangan,congquanguoyinjinleyouzhidaocailiao50yufen,shaixuanchu“zhongqiuxiang”“jiaheyou5hao”“jiayouzhongke1hao”“daohuaxiang”dengyipishihedonghaixianzhongzhideyouzhigaochanshuidaopinzhong,zaidonghaixianpingmingzhen、zhangwanxiangdengjianlishifanjidi,kaizhanyouzhidaojixiehualvsegaoxiaozaipeijishujicheng,youxiaodijiejueleyinzhibozhongzhifangshichanshengdewenti,weizhongzhidaomidenonghudailaileshihui。pingmingzhenniannianfengnongchangzhongliangdahuliushouyingaoxingdisuanleyibizhang:“yangeanzhaozhuanjiaguidingdejishuguichengquzuo,jinnianbudanchanliangzengjiale,jiageyehao,1gongjinnengmaidao10kuaiqian,biwangniangaoleliangkuailiu。gusuanleyixia,1mushuidaoduozhengle1000kuaiyishang。”zailingyigeshifandianzhangwanxiangyingtuncunlejiedao,zheilizhongde“jiayouzhongke1hao”,chanliangkedameimu900gongjin,chuquzhongziheyizaixinzengchengben,yebiputongshuidaomeimuxinzengshouyi400yuan。

优发国际登录  donghaixiandeshijianzhishichenhuizhehetadetuanduijianxingfuwu“sannong”deyigesuoying,2017nianyilai,tamentuanduimeinianzaizhejiang、heilongjiang、jiangsu、jiangxidengshengjianlishuidaolvsegaoxiaozaipeishifanjidi20yuge,kaizhanxinpinzhong、xinjishu、xinzhuangbei、xinmoshidengshiyanshifan,jiangtiantoudangketang,yunongjirenyuan、zhongliangdahudengmianduimianhudongjiaoliu,yongposhi、jiandandekepuyuyanjieshaoshiyongjishu,kaizhantianjianketangjishupeixun,meinianzhenduinongjirenyuan、jiatingnongchangzhu、zhuanyehezuoshedengxinxingjingyingzhuti,kaizhanbutongleixingbutongmoshidejishupeixun40yuci,peixunjishuyuan、zhongliangdahudeng4500yurenci。

  tongshi,chenhuizhetuanduihaijijiluoshizhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanhenongyenongcunbuguanyutuopingongjiandezongtibushu,zai“sanqusanzhou”shendupinkunxianxinjiangmoyujiheilongjianghuachuan、jiangxinanchang、yunnanxishuangbannadengdi,tongguoshaixuanshiyidangdishuidaoshengchanjishu、moshi、zhuangbeidengxinchengguo,goujianleyipishengchanshiyongdeshuidaolvsefazhanjishumoshi,bingtongguojichengyingyongshifan,bangzhujiejuedangdishuidaoshengchanpingjing,tishengdaozuojishushuiping,weitigaoquyuziwofazhannenglihexiangcunzhenxingtigongzhongyaozhicheng。

 

  创新栽培技术,促进转型升级

  

  chenhuizheyizhigaosuzijihetuanduichengyuan,yanfadejishuyidingyaoshiyingchanyefazhan,mianxiangshuidaoshengchan,mianxiangdaonongxuqiu,zhiyoudedaonongminrenkedechengguocaiyouyiyi,zheiyeshitayizhiyishijixingdongjianxingdemubiao。

优发国际登录  woguochuantongjichayangzhuyaoshishuidaotanzhuangyangmiaojichajishu,cunzaizhejichadingliangdingweixingcha、louyanglvgao、shangyangshanggenyanzhong、meicongmiaoshubujunyun,yijifanqingmandengwenti,nanyigaochangaoxiao。zaikandaoshengchanshijizhongchuxianlezheiyangdewenti,chenhuizhehetadetuanduizaibomiaopaoyangjichushang,jiehetanmiaojicha,tichuleshuidaotanmiaoyubomiaojiehechuangxinsilu,bingyanfashejilebutongleixingdeshuidaoboxingtanzhuangyangpan。weijiakuaishiyanjinzhan,chenhuizhedailingtuanduichengyuanbutingdikaifaxinmoju,yibianyibianyuyanghejichashiyan,weikefuhangzhoudongjibunengzhengchangyuyangdenanti,2008nian2yuetagushenyirenlaidaohainanyuyang,patuoyunhuihuaiyangmiao,yingxiangjichashiyan,taqinzishoutizhezhongdashangbaijindeyipanpanyangmiaoshangxiafeiji,jingliqianxinwankumanshenhanshuijianglvyouyoudeyangmiaosongdaohangzhou,weijichajiboxingtanzhuangyangpandingxingtigongshiyancailiao,quebaoledangnianjichayangxinjishuxianchangguanmohuidechenggongjuban。rujin,zheixiangxinjishuzaiheilongjiang、jilindengdongbeidaoqudamianjituiguang,dafutigaoleshuidaojichachanlianghexiaoyi,gaijishulianxuduonianbeilieweinongyenongcunbuzhutuijishu,niantuiguangmianjichao3000wanmu。

  ciwai,zhenduichaojidaopinzhongyuzaipeijishubupeitao,zengchanqianlinanyifahuidengwenti,chenhuizheyutuanduichengyuanjichengchuangjianlechaojidaoquyuhuagaochanzaipeijishutixi,cujinchaojidaopinzhongyingyong,shixianmuzengchanbaijinzengxiaobaiyuandexiaoguo。zhenduichuantongyijiayihuyuyangnandexianzhuangjixianyoushuidaojichayuyangfangfacunzaichumiaolvdi、buzhengqijilanzhonglanyasimiaodengwenti,tamenyanfaleshuidaozhuanyongyuyangjizhi、yuyangpeitaozhuangbeijizhinengkongwenkongshixitong,chuangjianleshuidaodiepanchumiao“1+n”yugongyangjishumoshi。“zhiyaonongminyouxuyao,wojiuchaozhezheigefangxiangnuliyanjiu,weitamenjiejuewenti!”chenhuizhezongjiedao。

  

  潜心农业科研,服务生产一线

  

优发国际登录  chenhuizhechushengzaizhejiangwuyidexiaoshancun,“meimeihuiyiqifubeimengongshenzaitianjianxinqinlaozuodebeiying,wojiugandaoshenshangzerenhenchenzhong。”henxiaodeshihou,chenhuizhemengshengleyaorangnongminzengchanzengshoudemengxiang,congneishiqitajiulizhiyaoxuexinongyekexuejishu,weinongyezengchan、nongminzengshouzuochuyingyoudegongxian。1989nian9yue,takaoqulezhejiangnongyedaxuezuowuzaipeixuezhuanye,1993nianbiyehoulaidaozhongguoshuidaoyanjiusuocongshidaozuojishuyanjiu,yongtazijidehuashuo:“woyunongziyouyuan,yibeizilibukainongye”。2004nianhe2010nian,taxianhouzaiyoufaguojidengluyanjiushengyuangongdunongxueshuoshiheboshixuewei,shicongzhudefengyanjiuyuan,xuanzedejunshizuowuzaipeixueyugengzuoxue,congnongcunchulai,yinongyeweizhongxin,kaizhanshuidaogaochangaoxiaozaipeijishuyanjiujijishutuiguang,weinongyejinongcunfuwu,yicijianshoujiushi27gechunqiu。

  ruhegaibianshuidaoshengchan“mianchaohuangtubeichaotian”dexianzhuang,yanfachushiyingxiandaideshuidaojixiehuashengchanjishushitadelixiang,yeshitadezhuiqiu。suirannongyekeyangongzuohenkuhenlei,dantawuyuanwuhui,tachangchangdaizhecaomao,dingzheyanyanlieri,chuansuozaitianjianditou。“woyiqiandouzijiyuyang,chayang,zuotiangeng,shufennie”,tazhidaoyanjiusheng,shiyanbixuqinliqinwei,xuyaozijicongshengchanshijianzhongtichuwenti,zhaochuwenti,jiejuewenti。

  weiraoshuidaolvsegaoxiaozaipeijishuyanfa,chenhuizheqianxinzuanyan,xianhouzhuchiguojiakejizhichengjihua、nongyebucaizhengzhuanxiang、zhejiangshengzhongdianyanfajihua、zhejiangshengzirankexuejijindengxiangmu20yuxiang,zuoweizhuyaowanchengrenhuodeguojiakejijinbuerdengjiang1xiang,shengbujijiang15xiang。yanfadeyipijishuruxuannongyezhutuijishu,canyubianxiezhuzuo20bu,qizhongzhubian3bu,fuzhubian5bu,huode20xiangfamingzhuanli,qizhongdiyiwanchengrenfamingzhuanli4xiang,zhidingshengbujinongyebiaozhun5xiang。

优发国际登录  bagengduodekeyanchengguoxiezaidadishangshichenhuizheyizhidezhuiqiu,taxianhouruxuanzhejiangshenggaocengcirencai、zhongguozuowuxuehuilishi、zhejiangshengzuowuxuehuichangwulishi、zhejiangshengdierjieliangyouchanyejishuchuangxinyutuiguangfuwutuanduishuidaozuzhuanjia。“keyanchengguonengzhenzhengmanzulaobaixingxuqiucaishiyoujiazhide。”chenhuizhebiaoshi,“weilaixiwangkeyiyanfagengduodenongminxuyaodejishuhezhuangbei,shixianchanyehuafazhan,ranggengduonongminhuoyi。”(tongxunyuan chenliuyan)

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